Hiker Dude's Hiking Blog

My notes, links and random tips for the hikers and backpackers of the world.

Saturday, November 26, 2005

Counterbalance Bear Bag



Counterbalance Bear Bag
Backpackinglight - Bear Bag Hanging Techniques
  1. Find a tree with a live branch. The branch should be at least 15 feet (5
    meters) from the ground with no object below the branch that could support
    a bear’s weight. The point at which you will toss the rope over the branch
    should be at least 10 feet (3 meters) from the tree. The branch should be
    a least 4 inches in diameter (10 centimeters) at the tree and at least 1 inch
    in diameter (3 centimeters) at the rope point.

  2. Separate your food and other items into two bags of roughly equal weight.

  3. Throw the rope over the branch. Attach one end of the rope to one of the
    bags.

  4. Raise the bag as high as you can up to the branch.

  5. Attach the other bag to the rope as high up on the rope as you can. Leave
    a loop of rope near the bag for retrieval.

  6. Push the second bag up to the level of the other bag with a long stick.

  7. To retrieve the bags, hook the loop of rope with the stick and pull it down.
    Remove the bag and then lower the first bag.

Thursday, November 17, 2005

Fire from a Can of Coke and a Chocolate Bar



Fire from a Can of Coke and a Chocolate Bar

A solar igniter.

Saturday, November 12, 2005

Leave No Trace Principles of Outdoor Ethics


The Leave No Trace Principles of outdoor ethics form the framework of Leave No
Trace's message:
  1. Plan Ahead and Prepare (in brief or in detail)

  2. Travel and Camp on Durable Surfaces (in brief or in detail)

  3. Dispose of Waste Properly (in brief or in detail)

  4. Leave What You Find (in brief or in detail)

  5. Minimize Campfire Impacts (in brief or in detail)

  6. Respect Wildlife (in brief or in detail)

  7. Be Considerate of Other Visitors (in brief or in detail)


Plan Ahead and Prepare
  1. Know the regulations and special concerns for the area you'll visit.

  2. Prepare for extreme weather, hazards, and emergencies.

  3. Schedule your trip to avoid times of high use.

  4. Visit in small groups. Split larger parties into groups of 4-6.

  5. Repackage food to minimize waste.

  6. Use a map and compass to eliminate the use of marking paint, rock cairns or flagging.


Travel and Camp on Durable Surfaces
  1. Durable surfaces include established trails and campsites, rock, gravel, dry grasses or snow.

  2. Protect riparian areas by camping at least 200 feet from lakes and streams.

  3. Good campsites are found, not made. Altering a site is not necessary.

  4. In popular areas:

    1. Concentrate use on existing trails and campsites.

    2. Walk single file in the middle of the trail, even when wet or muddy.

    3. Keep campsites small. Focus activity in areas where vegetation is absent.

  5. In pristine areas:

    1. Disperse use to prevent the creation of campsites and trails.

    2. Avoid places where impacts are just beginning.


Dispose of Waste Properly
  1. Pack it in, pack it out. Inspect your campsite and rest areas for trash or spilled foods. Pack out all trash, leftover food, and litter.

  2. Deposit solid human waste in catholes dug 6 to 8 inches deep at least 200 feet from water, camp, and trails. Cover and disguise the cathole when finished.

  3. Pack out toilet paper and hygiene products.

  4. To wash yourself or your dishes, carry water 200 feet away from streams or lakes and use small amounts of biodegradable soap. Scatter strained dishwater.


Leave What You Find
  1. Preserve the past: examine, but do not touch, cultural or historic structures and artifacts.

  2. Leave rocks, plants and other natural objects as you find them.

  3. Avoid introducing or transporting non-native species.

  4. Do not build structures, furniture, or dig trenches.


Minimize Campfire Impacts
  1. Campfires can cause lasting impacts to the backcountry. Use a lightweight stove for cooking and enjoy a candle lantern for light.

  2. Where fires are permitted, use established fire rings, fire pans, or mound fires.

  3. Keep fires small. Only use sticks from the ground that can be broken by hand.

  4. Burn all wood and coals to ash, put out campfires completely, then scatter cool ashes.


Respect Wildlife
  1. Observe wildlife from a distance. Do not follow or approach them.

  2. Never feed animals. Feeding wildlife damages their health, alters natural behaviors, and exposes them to predators and other dangers.

  3. Protect wildlife and your food by storing rations and trash securely.

  4. Control pets at all times, or leave them at home.

  5. Avoid wildlife during sensitive times: mating, nesting, raising young, or winter.


Be Considerate of Other Visitors
  1. Respect other visitors and protect the quality of their experience.

  2. Be courteous. Yield to other users on the trail.

  3. Step to the downhill side of the trail when encountering pack stock.

  4. Take breaks and camp away from trails and other visitors.

  5. Let nature's sounds prevail. Avoid loud voices and noises

Thursday, November 10, 2005

Katahdin Pack


Katahdin Pack

A ready made one pound pack!

Wednesday, November 02, 2005

Fire Making



Fire Making
Trick to start a fire and stay alive.